Әдістемелік әзірлеме Тақырыбы



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БАТЫС-ҚАЗАҚСТАН ЖОҒАРЫ МЕДИЦИНАЛЫҚ КОЛЛЕДЖІ


Әдістемелік әзірлеме

Тақырыбы: «Науқастарға сіздердің көмектеріңіз қажет. Өткен шақ.»

“The patients need your help. Past Simple”

Құрастырған: кәсіптік шет тілі пәнінің

оқытушысы Есполаева Гульмира Оралбаевна




The theme: The patients need your help. The Past Simple.

The Aim: a) to enlarge the knowledge of future professions, their pronunciation and English speaking habits, conduct interests for their future profession and use it in practice.

b) to achieve the student’s humanitarian, development of nursing care, violation with each other.
Procedure of the lesson:

  1. Greeting

  2. Acquaintance.

Aigerim’s group: Zita, , Guldana, Merey, Merali, Akilbek

Amandyk’s group: Oryngali, Aidos, Aidana, Raigul, Aizhan

Aida’s group: Zharkinai, Gulaim, Asylzhan, Aidar, Venera

Albina’s group: Mirdan, Sherhan, Ergalieva Aigerim, Aisaule,Gauhar
Before beginning our party I want to give words for our participants. They wants to tell us about the difficulties of a doctor’s assistant profession. You must show your presentations about the first help. Before showing your presentations a short information about it.

I stage.FIRST AID. FAINTING. SHOCK. POISONING.’

Wordlist

To faint-[feint] талып қалу shallow-[ˊ∫ælou] жоғарғы

Cause- [kɔz] себебі lay- [lei] жатқызу

Emotion-[imouˊ∫n]рухани қобалжу ammonia-[ә’mouniә]мүсәтір спирті

Consciousness-[kɔn∫әsnιs] ес dangerous-[deιndʒrəs] қауіпті

Unconscious-[ʌn’kɔn∫әsnιs]ессіз to expect-[iks’pekt] күту

Brain- [brein] ми rapid- [ræpid] жиілік

Sweat- [swi:t] тер keep smb. quiet-[kwaiət] мазаламау

Feel dizzy-[fi:l’dizi] бас айналу to vomit-[vɔmit] жүрек айну
Faint means to become unconscious for a short time. The cause of fainting may be different: strong emotion, want food, pain. In fainting the person loses consciousness. Blood doesn’t get to brain. The face of a person before fainting gets very pale and sweat appears on the forehead. He feels dizzy and weak. His breathing is shallow. His pulse is weak and slow.

If you help a person who lost his consciousness:

Lay the person on his back

Raise his feet a little.

Loose his dress.

Open the window.

Sprinkle cold water on his face.

Give the person to breathe an ammonia water.


Shock is very dangerous. You have shock when something very bad happens

which you didn’t expect. The cause of shock may be severe pain, strong emotion, loss of blood . The face of a person in shock is usually pale and skin is cold. Breathing is rapid and shallow . The pulse is rapid. The first aid:

Lay the person on his back

Raise his feet a little

Cover him with blankets to keep him warm

Give him a warm drink.

Keep him quiet
Poisoning. Food poisoning is an illness that is caused by eating or drinking harmful substances. The person is pale and weak. He feels dizzy and he has stomachache.

Sometimes he vomits. The first aid:

Empty the stomach as soon as possible

Give much water to drink 4-8 glasses.

Some poisons cause shock, others- asphyxia. In every case the patient needs immediate medical care.
The students show their presentations.
II stage. Grammar

Осы шақ. (Present Intefinite)

Intefinite тобы үш шаққа бөлінеді: осы (present intefinite) , өткен (past indefinite)және келер(future indefinete) шақтар.

2.Present Intefinite

Present Intefinite негізгі етістіктің бірінші формасына сәйкес инфинитив to – бөлігінсіз барлық жақтарда және түрлерде сәйкес келеді, тек жекеше түрдің үшінші жағында – s немесе – es жалғауы далғанады.

Етістіктердің көбінің түбіріне – s жалғанады:

(to) write – he writes (жазу – ол жазып отыр)

(to) work – he works (жұмыс істеу – ол жұмыс істеп жатыр)

es – жалғауы инфенитивтегі етістік былай аяқталған кезде:

a) s, ss, ch, tch, x:

(to dress – he dresses) (киіну – ол киініп жатыр)

(to watch – he watches) (қарау – ол қарап тұр)

б) дауыссыз дыбыстан кейін у – мен аяқталса: у і – айналады:

(to) try – he tries (тырысу – ол тырысып жатыр)

Present Intefinite сұраулы сөйлем түрі does үшінші жақта және do басқа жақтардағы көмекші етістіктің көмегімен жасалады. Сөйлемнің болымсыз түрі do, does көмекші етістіктеріне not қосылу арқылы жасалады.


Өткен шақ (Past Indefinite)

Past Indefinite дұрыс етістіктерге – ed немесе – d жалғаулары жалғануы арқылы жасалады.

To ask – he asked (сұрау – ол сұрады)

To answer – he answered (жауап беру – жауап берді)

-d – жалғауы инфенитив түбірі e аяқталған кезде жалғанады:

To invite – he invited (шақыру – ол шақырды)

To decide – decided (шешу – ол шешті)

Past Indefinite бұрыс етістіктермен ерекше жасалады. Ол үшін бұрыс етістіктерді жатқа білуіңіз қажет.

Past Indefinite сұраулы түрі to do етістігі did түріндегі көмекші етістіктің көмегімен жасалады. Көмекші етістік бастауышының алдына шығады.
Exercises

1. Use the verbs in Past Simple in the brackets:

1.What your neighbors (to do) yesterday? 2. Mr. Smith (to fix) his car yesterday morning. 3. His wife (to water) plants in the garden. 4. Their children (to clean) the yard and then they (to play) basketball. 5. In the evening their boys (to listen) to loud music and (to watch) TV. 6. Their little girl (to cry) a little and then (to smile) 7. Her brothers (to shout) at her. 8. Mrs. Smith (to work) in the kitchen. 9. She (to bake) a delicious apple pie. 10. She (to cook) a good dinner. 11. She (to wash) the dishes and (to look) very tired. 12. The children (to brush) their teeth, (to yawn) a little and (to go) to bed. 13. Their mother (to change) her clothes and (to brush) her hair. Then she (to talk) on the phone. 14. Her husband (to smoke) a cigarette and (to talk) to his wife. 15. They (to wait) for the bus. The bus (to arrive) at 9 o’clock. 16. They (to visit) their friends. 17. They (to dance) a lot there. 18. Mr. and Mrs. Smith (to rest) very well last night. They really (to have) a wonderful time at their friends.


2.Write down the sentences in Past Simple:

On Monday we have five lessons. The first lesson is Kazakhstan. At this lesson we write a dictation and do some exercises. Asan goes to the blackboard. He answers well and gets a “five”. Armat does not get a “five” because he does not know his lesson. After the second lesson I go to the canteen. I eat a sandwich and drink a cup of tea. I do not drink milk. After school I do not go home at once. I go to the library and change the book. Then I go home


3. Write down the sentences in Past Simple:

On Tuesday I get up at half past six. I go to the bathroom and wash my hands and face and clean my teeth. Then I dress, go to the kitchen and cook breakfast for my family. At half past seven my son gets up and has breakfast. I have breakfast with my son. My son eats a sandwich and drinks a cup of tea. I don’t drink tea. I drink coffee. After breakfast my son leaves home for school. I don’t leave home with my son. On Tuesday I don’t work in the morning. I work in the afternoon. In the evening I am at home. My husband and my son are at home, too. We rest in the evening. My son watches TV, my husband reds newspapers and I do some work about the house. At about eleven o’clock we go to bed.


Test.

Choose the correct variant:

1.Don’t give him cigarettes. He (not/smoke) ____.

a. isn’t smoke b. doesn’t smoke c. don’t smoke d. not smoke e. smoke


2.Can you help me? I (not/know)____ the way to the market.

a. am not know b. not know c. don’t know d. know e. doesn’t know


3.____ Peter ____ any beer in the fridge?

a. Does Peter have b. Do Peter has c. Have Peter got


4.My daughter Mary (not/like)____ apples, but she likes oranges.

a. not likes b. doesn’t likes c. doesn’t like d. do not like e. likes


5.What’s the matter? You (look) _____ very happy.

a. Look b. looks c. - d. is looking e. has look


6.The child ______ to school every day.

a. will goes b. go c. goes d. don’t go e. -


7.His father ______ him there in his car.

a. Take b. takes c. taken d. carries e. -


8.She always ______ lunch at school.

a. Takes b. have c. has d. take e. took


9.Richard’s life in Paris is a bit difficult. He ______ only English.

a. Understand b. doesn’t understand c. doesn’t know d. knows e. -


10.What’s the matter? You ______ very sad.

a. Look b. looks c. like d. has e. had


11.Liz is very good at tennis. She ______ every game.

a. Gets b. won c. wins d. is e. are


12.Winter is warm here. It ______ very seldom. But sometimes it ______.

a. rain, snows b. snows, rains c. snow, rain d.rains, snow e. -


13.Helen is on a diet. She ______ very little.

a. doesn’t eat b. eats c. ate d. eat e. have eat


14.He ______ in a hurry.

a. Is b. be c.doesn’t be d. am e. are



III stage. Correction work
I.Put the necessary words.

Қажетті сөздерді қойыңыз:

1. Faint means to become…

2. In fainting the person loses…

3. He feels … and …

4. His breathing is …

5. Shock is very …

6. Something very bad happens which you didn’t…

7. The causes of shock is severe …, strong …, of …

8. The face in shock is … … and the skin is …

9. The pulse in shock is …

10. Food poisoning is caused by … or… …
II.Make up word combinations with the given words.

Сөздер мен сөз тіркестерін құрастырыңыз:




  1. Define the human’s case.

Адамның қандай жағдайда екенін анықтаңыз:

A woman of 30. She looks very pale. Her breathing is shallow, she feels dizzy and weak. Her pulse is rapid. Her husband told her something which she didn’t expect. She is about to lose consciousness.

A teenager of 18. She went to the girl friend’s birthday party yesterday and in the morning she felt that something was wrong with her. She was very weak and couldn’t move. She was about to vomit.

It was very hot in the room and old woman lost consciousness. She was sprinkled by cold water, and was given to breathe in ammonia water.




  1. First aid in which case?

Қандай жағдайда жасауға болатын алғашқы көмек:

Lay the person on his back.

Cover him with blankets.

Keep the patient warm.

Sprinkle cold water.

Raise his feet.

Empty the stomach.

Give a warm drink.

Give much water.


  1. Say it in English. Ағылшын тілінде айтыңыз:

Қатты рухани қобалжу, қатты ауыру талып қалудың себебі.

Қан миға бармайды.

Адам әлсізденіп, бозарып кетеді.

Маңдайда тер пайда болады, тыныс алуы мен пульсі жиілейді.

Адам талып қалған кезде терезені ашып, киімін шешу, жеңілдету қажет.

Шок болған кезде науқасты сабырға шақырып, үстіне жамылғы жабу қажет.

Оған жылы сусын беріңіз.

Уланған кезде жедел жәрдем көрсетіңіз; арқасынан жатқызыңыз,; асқазанды тазарту; науқастар жедел медициналық көмекті қажет етеді.


IV stage. “First aid saves many lives”

Health care: spend avoid keep make sure never

Make up situations and paraphrase the words.

First aid procedures: respiration bites poisoning convulsion

Give the means and meanings of these procedures.

Revise the materials which taken today.



Evaluation of marks, explaining the student’s mistakes.

Giving home task.
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